Segmenting is when we sound out a word breaking it up into individual sounds to help spell. It is the opposite of blending.
Hear and say the initial sound in words.
Can segment the sounds in simple words and blend them together.
ELG (Early Learning Goal - end of Reception age related expectation:
Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways that match their spoken sounds.
Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible e.g. lighk for like.
The segmenting slide uses a similar idea but it helps children to break a word up To help spell. It works really well with CVC words (consonant - vowel - consonant) because the have an initial, middle and end sound. You sound out the word as you slide your hand down your arm.
Start by saying the whole word e.g. rat. Then move your hand from your shoulder, sliding it down your arm until you reach your hand. When it's on your shoulder say the first sound 'r'. along your arm say the middle sound 'a' and when you get to your hand say 't'.
This movement reminds children to listen carefully to each sound in the word. Remember when we segment words we are trying to break it into the smallest units of sound rather than the indiviual letters. So if you used the segementing slide with a phase 3 word e.g. rain, you would say r-ai-n not r-a-i-n.
I’ve uploaded an IGTV video on my IG account if you want to see it in action.
Head to the sounds page on my website for examples of words that your child could try to segment.