A CVCC word is made from a consonant-vowel-consonant-consonant. To begin with we use Phase 2 sounds rather than Phase 3 sounds and the vowels are a, e, i, o, u. This is because Phase 2 sounds are mostly the single letters so children don’t have to decide whether it’s two letters making one sound (digraph) or whether it’s two letters making their own sounds (adjacent consonants).
Children often find it tricky when two consonants that are next to each other. So they might write mik for milk. So this stage of phonics is really important.
We start by introducing CVCC words and how to blend the sounds to read them. We pick words that are a CVC word but that you can add another consonant to the end to create a CVCC word.
Sound talk and blend dam and discuss its meaning (a barrier to hold back water).
Add a p to the end. Sound talk and blend to read damp.
Discuss how by adding one consonant you have changed the meaning of the word (slightly wet).
Try this with different CVC and CVCC words. Bum/bump is one that usually gets them giggling and engaged!
I created a phoneme frame with 4 boxes from a cardboard box. I folded it so that the 4th box could be covered up. I put one sound in each box and covered up the final one. Sophie blended the CVC word then uncovered the last sound and blended the sounds to read the CVCC word.
Here are some other words you could use:
When children become confident they start to read words containing Phase 3 sounds. I will share some more activities and words lists over the next few weeks.